Moscow (Russian: Москва) is the 860 year-old capital of Russia. A truly iconic, global city, Moscow has played a central role in the development of Russia and the world. For many, the sight of the Kremlin complex in the centre of the city is still loaded with symbolism and history. Moscow was the capital of the former Soviet Union and signs of its previous life are very visible even now. Yet, there’s more to Russia and its capital than just memories of the USSR. Architectural gems from the time of the Russian Empire are still dotted throughout Moscow, whilst signs of modern Tsars (or at least people with similar levels of wealth) abound.
Moscow is the financial and political centre of Russia and the countries formerly comprising the Soviet Union. It has a population of around 13 million and an area of 2,511km² after an expansion in 2012. One-tenth of all Russian citizens live in the Moscow metropolitan area. Moscow is the second most populous city in Europe, after Istanbul. Moscow is in the UTC+3 time zone; there is no daylight saving time.
The Moskva River bends its way through the city with most of the sites of tourist interest on the northern bank of the river. The other major waterway is the Yauza River, which flows into the Moskva east of the Kremlin.
Much of Moscow’s geography is defined by the numerous ‘Ring Roads’ that circle the city at various distances from the centre, roughly following the outline of the walls that used to surround Moscow. With Red Square and the Kremlin forming the very centre, the innermost ring road is the Boulevard Ring (Bulvarnoye Koltso), built in the 1820s where the 16th century walls used to be. It runs from the Christ the Saviour Cathedral in south-west central Moscow, to the mouth of the Yauza in south-east central Moscow.
The next ring road, the Garden Ring (Sadovoe Koltso), derives its name from the fact that landowners near the road in Tsarist times were obligated to maintain gardens to make the road attractive. In Soviet times, the road was widened, and currently you will find no gardens there.
The Third Ring Road, completed in 2004, is not much use for tourists but is a heavily used motorway which absorbs a bit of Moscow’s traffic. It roughly follows the outline of Kamer-Kollezhsky val, the customs and passport boundary of Moscow between 1742 and 1852. The outer edge of Moscow is largely defined by the Moscow Ring Road (widely known by its abbreviation: MKAD-Moskovskaya koltsevaya avtomobilnaya doroga), a motorway which is 108km long and encircles the entire city (similar to London’s M25 and Paris’ Périphérique).
Istanbul Sapphire, or Sapphire, is a skyscrapper, and as of 2016, the tallest building in İstanbul andTurkey, located in the central business district of Levent. Istanbul Sapphire was the 4th tallest building in Europe when its construction was completed in 2010. It is the country’s first ecological skyscraper. Sapphire rises 54 floors above ground level, and boasts an above-ground roof height of 238 meters: the building has an overall structural height of 261 meters including its spire, which is part of the design and not a radio antenna
The Cappadocian Region located in the center of the Anatolian Region of Turkey, with its valley, canyon, hills and unusual rock formation created as a result of the eroding rains and winds of thousands of years of the level, lava-covered plain located between the volcanic mountains Erciyes, Melendiz and Hasan as well as its troglodyte dwellings carved out of the rock and cities dug out into underground, presents an otherworldly appearance. The eruptions of these mountains which were active volcanoes in geological times lasted until 2 million years ago. A soft tuff layer was formed, 150 m in thickness, by the issuing lavas in the valley surrounded by mountains. The rivers, flood water running down the hillsides of valleys and strong winds eroded the geological formations consisting of tuff on the plateau formed with tuff layers, thus creating bizarre shapes called fairy Chimneys.
These take on the names of mushroom shaped, pinnacled, capped and conic shaped formations. The prehistoric settlements of the area are Koskhoyuk (Kosk Mound) in Nigde, Aksaray Asikli Mound, Nevsehir Civelek cave and, in the southeast, Kultepe, Kanis and Alisar in the environs of Kayseri. This area with unusual topographic characteristics was regarded as sacred and called, in the Scythian/Khatti language, as Khepatukha, meaning “the country of the people of the chief god Hepat”, although there are more poetic claims on the origin of the region’s name, such as the Old
Persian Katpatuka, which allegedly means “the land of beautiful horses”. The tablets called Cappadocian Tablets and the Hittite works of art in Alisar are of the important remains dating from 2000s B.C. After 1200s B.C., the Tabal principality, of the Khatti Branches of Scythians, became strong and founded the Kingdom of Tabal. Following the Late Hittite and Persian aras, the Cappadocian Kingdom was established in 332 B.C. During the Roman era the area served as a shelter for the early escaping Christians. There are also several underground cities used by early Christians as hideouts in Cappadocia.
Ballooning, Cappadocia is known around the world as one of the best places to fly with hot air balloons. The spectacular surrealistic landscapes combined with excellent flying conditions allow the balloons to gently drift over and between fairy chimneys, pigeon houses hewn into the unique rock formations, orchards and vineyards – through impressive valleys, each with distinctive rock formations, colors and features – and then float up over rippled ravines for breathtaking views over the region.
Fish restaurants, gift shops, veteran boats and historical monuments welcome hundreds of tourists every year to Anadolu Kavağı. This is an ideal place for an escape in all seasons of Istanbul. It is like a harbor where you can find shelter away from the daily routine and the crowd of the city. It is a seaside village at the point where Istanbul meets the Black Sea, and blue integrates with green.
Those who go by land are recommended to take a break on Yuşa Hill, Istanbul’s highest hill. A common belief is that the grave of Joshua the Prophet is on this hill and every wish made here comes true. This is why you can see visitors who have come to fulfill their vows and to make new wishes while visiting Yuşa Mosque and Tomb. We highly recommend that you take a walk in the fresh air of Yuşa Hill, where you can also find gift shops, and stop in Gizli Bahçe (Secret Garden) to watch the city “from the highest point”.
The first place to go in Anadolu Kavağı – which lost nothing of its green; thanks to being a military protected area- is Yoros Castle. You can get to the castle with a twenty-minute walk from the pier. It is the symbol of Anadolu Kavağı. It was built in 1190 by the Genoans to protect the straits and is thus called Genoa Castle as well. Both the history and the view of the castle are worth paying attention to. While climbing up to Yoros Castle, you can take a break in Yoros Tea Garden on the way. You need to climb up a very steep road to reach the castle. Once you get there, take deep breaths of nature’s festival where green meets blue and theMarmara meets the Black Sea.
Construction of The Suleymaniye Mosque was ordered by Sultan Suleyman I, and began in late 1549, there were three thousand five hundred craftsmen working to create it, taking seven years to finish.
At the back of the mosque there are two mausoleums and a graveyard, including the expertly renovated tombs of Sultan Suleyman I, and his family. In front and just behind the perimeter is the tomb of architect Sinan, this however you cannot go to see this.
Bookseller’s Market (Sahaflar) The book market is a “must see” for those who enjoy the feel of books, both old and new. The market is easy to find as it is directly between the Covered Bazaar’s “Fesçiler Gate” and the Bayazit Square leading to the entrance of İstanbul University.
Galata, and Beyoğlu further north with its main thoroughfare, the pedestrianized Istiklal Street, and the adjoining Taksim Square is the district of Itanbul north of SultanAhmet/Old City, across the Golden Horn. This district, especially Taksim Square is usually considered the “city center” of Istanbul. Primarily visited for its nightlife, this district has also its own share of sights and accommodation.
Galata (Turkish: Galata) gained its importance by the virtue of transforming into a trade colony of the Genoese and the Venetians, beside then-Byzantine Constantinople. After Ottomans captured Istanbul, the autonomous status of Galata was left untouched, except that its city walls were razed (except a few disconnected parts in the length of a few meters spotted by the archaeologists here and there). The first time Beyoğlu area (Pera in the past), which lies north of Galata, was settled is during 1850’s, when Grand Rue de Pera (“the Great Road of Pera”), today’s Istiklal Street (İstiklal Caddesi), was opened. Taksim Square (Taksim Meydanı) is even younger, it has taken its existing appearance as late as 1930s.
İstiklal Caddesi is Istanbul’s prominent pedestrian street. At anytime of the day there are thousands strolling the street and myriad restaurants and retail offers in the side streets.
Büyükada (meaning “Big Island” in Turkısh; Greek: Πρίγκηπος or Πρίγκιπος, rendered Prinkipos or Prinkipo; and alternatively Πρίγκηψ or Πρίγκιψ meaning “Prince” or “Foremost”) is the largest of the nine so-called Princes Islands in the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul, with an area of about 2 square miles (5 km2). It is officially a neighbourhood in the Adalar (Islands) district of ıstanbul Province, Turkey.
There are several historical buildings on Büyükada, such as the Agia Yorgi Church and Monastery dating back to the 6th century, the Agios Dimitrios Church, and the Hamidiye Mosque built.
Büyükada consists of two peaks. The one nearest to the ferry landing, İsa Tepesi (meaning Jesus Hill in Turkish), formerly Hristos (Χριστός, the Greek name for Jesus Christ), is topped by the former Greek orphanage, a huge wooden building now in decay. In the valley between the two hills sit the church and monastery of Agios Nikolaos and a former fairground called Luna Park.
Visitors can take the “small tour” of the island by a phaeton, leading to the point from where it is a strenuous climb to Agia Yorgi (St. George, in Greek Άγιος Γεώργιος), a tiny hilltop church with a magnificent panoramic view, and a café in its garden that serves wine, chips and sausage sandwiches, this being a part of the “classic” Agia Yorgi experience.
Tirilye is a town in Bursa Province, Mudanya, Turkey, situated 12 km (7.46 mi) west of Mudanya. It is a township along the Marmara Sea shoreline. The area, which was inhabited since the 5th century BC, was formerly known as Τρίγλεια, Trigleia or Βρύλλειον, Brylleion in Greek.
Trilye has been an important religious center for Greek Orhodoks Christians for a long time. Trilye is a first level protected area since 1980 because of the Byzantine and Ottoman architectural monuments and is considered as an open-air museum thanks to the historical buildings and houses. Osman Gazi’s Turkmens in Bursa and surroundings have started settling in this location from the beginning of the year 1303.
Old Greek houses built at the end of the 19th century line what few streets are left. This town is under the protection by the Ministry of Culture so no one can destroy the old houses or rebuild them in a different style than the original one. The place is famous for its olives and had historically been inhabited by Greek artisans engaged in the silk trade.
Gölyazı is a village which is located in peninsula in Lake Ulubat, near Bursa.
|Boat on the Lake|
Gölyazı and Tahtalı Village as urban archaeological SIT areas.
Gölyazı is a beautiful peninsula, a village on a round island (almost!) surrounded by water. The main industry seems to be fishing and tourism.